Stage 2 | Subject Outline | Versions control
Accredited in May 2015 for teaching at Stage 2 from 2017.
Stage 2 | Subject outline | Glossary
The group of readers, listeners, or viewers that the writer, designer, film-maker, or speaker is addressing. Audience (real and implied) includes an individual, students in the classroom, the wider community, review writers, and critics.
The environment in which a text is responded to or created. Context can include the general social, historical, and cultural conditions in which a text is responded to and created (the content of culture) or the specific features of its immediate environment (context of situation),
An accepted practice that has developed over time and is generally used and understood, for example, the use of specific structural aspects of texts, such as in report writing, with sections for introduction, background, discussion, and recommendations.
The features of language that support meaning (e.g. sentence structure, vocabulary, punctuation, figurative language, framing, camera angles). These choices vary according to the purpose of a text, its subject matter, audience, and communication mode.
Literary texts refer to past and present texts across a range of cultural contexts. They are valued for their form and style and are recognised as having enduring or artistic value.
The resources used in the production of texts, including tools and materials (e.g. digital text and the computer, writing and the pen, typewriter).
Specialised language used to refer to technical aspects of the study of English, for example, language used to discuss film or literary study (e.g. mise-en-scène, symbolism, characterisation) or language used to talk about grammatical terms (e.g. ‘sentence’, ‘clause’, ‘conjunction’).
The various processes of communication: listening, speaking, reading/viewing, and writing/creating. Modes are also used to refer to the semiotic (meaning-making) resources associated with these communicative processes (e.g. sound, print, image, gesture).
Combination of two or more communication modes (e.g. combining print, image, and spoken text in film or computer presentations).
The way a reader/viewer is positioned by the author through the text, or how a particular ideology is embedded in a text (e.g. a feminist perspective).
The ways in which aspects of texts (e.g. words, sentences, images) are arranged and how they affect meaning. Style can distinguish the work of individual authors (e.g. Paul Jennings’s stories, Henry Lawson’s poems) as well as the work of a particular period (e.g. Elizabethan drama), or of a particular genre or text type (e.g. recipes, scientific articles, play-by-play commentary). Examples of stylistic features are narrative viewpoint, structure of stanzas, juxtaposition, nominalisation, alliteration, metaphor, and lexical choice.
Examples of text types include reports, essays, speeches, narratives, recounts, infographics, films, stories, poems, novels, podcasts. These text types can be further classified according to the particular purposes they are designed to achieve (e.g. informational, imaginative, interpretive, analytical, or persuasive).