Stage 2 | Subject Outline | Versions control

Music Explorations Stage 2
Subject outline

Version 3.0 - For teaching in 2023.
Accredited in June 2017 for teaching at Stage 2 from 2019.

Stage 2 | Subject outline | Supporting document

Music Explorations
Supporting document

Elements Theoretical concepts


Rhythm

  • Notes and rests: whole note to 1/16 note (semibreve to semiquavers), dots and ties, tuplets
  • Simple meter (e.g. 2/4, 3/4, 4/4) 
  • Irregular meter (e.g. 5/4, 7/8) 
  • Compound meter (e.g. 6/8, 9/8, 12/8) 
  • Understanding of beat groupings for notes and rests
  • Syncopation and accents
  • Tempo and pulse 


Pitch — melody/harmony

  • Treble and bass clefs 
  • Major and minor scales (harmonic, natural, melodic), blues scale, pentatonic scale and modes 
  • Diatonic intervals 
  • Diatonic triads in root position
  • Chords to the 7th, 9th, major, minor, dominant, half-diminished, and diminished 
  • Altered 5 (dominant) chords (e.g. b9, #5) 
  • Ostinato/riff 
  • Sus2 and sus4 chords 
  • Melody construction and shaping 
  • Matching appropriate triads to a melody 
  • Standard chord progressions, such as: 1-4-5 (and variants), 1-5-6-4 (and variants), 1-b7-4, 1-4-7-3-6-2-5-1 (fourth cycle and variants), 1-5-6-3-4-1-4-5 (Pachelbel Canon, rhythm changes)
  • Transposing instruments (e.g. Bb and Eb)
  • Simple modulations or changes of key (typical of popular music only, e.g. up a semitone, or modulation to closely related keys)


Dynamics and expression

  • Dynamic shaping and associated markings (symbols) 
  • Expressive articulation and associated markings (symbols)
  • Tempo indications (e.g. quarter note = 120 BPM)


Form and structure

  • Binary
  • Ternary
  • Song form (e.g. intro, verse, pre-chorus, chorus, bridge)
  • Call and response
  • 12 and 16 bar blues
  • Standard form and notation symbols (e.g. repeats, 1st- and 2nd-time endings, coda)


Timbre

  • Pitched and unpitched instruments (instrument families)
  • Tone colour of individual instruments and instrumental combinations (including voices and FX processing)

Texture
  • Layering and blending of musical lines (melodic and rhythmic)
  • Varied combinations of solo and group layering