Stage 1 | Subject Outline | Versions control

Physical Education Stage 1
Subject outline

Version 4.0 - For teaching in 2024.
Accredited in November 2017 for teaching at Stage 1 from 2019. Refer to subject changes.

Stage 1 | Subject outline | Content


Stage 1 Physical Education may be undertaken as a 10‑credit or a 20‑credit subject.

Focus areas

Stage 1 Physical Education has three focus areas:

  • Focus Area 1: In movement
  • Focus Area 2: Through movement
  • Focus Area 3: About movement.

The focus areas provide the narrative for the knowledge, skills, and capabilities that students develop. Learning is delivered through an integrated approach in which opportunities are provided for students to undertake, and learn through, a wide range of authentic physical activities (e.g. sports, theme‑based games, laboratories, and fitness and recreational activities). Students explore movement concepts and strategies through these physical activities to promote participation and performance outcomes. These movement concepts and strategies include:

  • body awareness
  • movement quality
  • spatial awareness
  • relationships
  • executing movement
  • creating space
  • interactions
  • making decisions.

Students learn experientially, encouraging the development of their capabilities and skills, such as critical and creative thinking, communication, and collaboration. An integrated approach to learning supports a conceptual framework that promotes deep learning in, through, and about physical activity. The application of this framework ensures students make meaning of the cognitive and psychomotor processes fundamental to the learning of physical activity.

Students investigate participation and performance in human physical activity. This flexibility enables sociocultural aspects such as inclusivity and equity to be integrated throughout learning activities. Students apply their understanding of movement concepts to evaluate aspects of their own or others’ physical activity and reflect on strategies to improve participation and performance. Opportunities for students to reflect on their own movement experiences allow them to make greater meaning of these experiences.

The use of technology is integral to the collection of data such as video footage, heart rates, fitness batteries, and game statistics. Students apply their understanding of movement concepts to evaluate the data and reflect on ways in which performance can be achieved.


Programs for a 10‑credit and 20‑credit subject comprise a selection of key ideas from all three focus areas.

Focus areas can be studied in their entirety or in part, taking into account student interests and preparation for pathways into the future study of physical education.

The key ideas selected can be sequenced and structured to suit individual cohorts of students.

Guidelines for physical activities

An emphasis is placed on human participation and performance in physical activity.

The following are not permitted for physical activities:

  • activities that involve violence (perceived or actual), such as boxing, or the use of firearms
  • activities that rely on motorised assistance, such as go‑karting.