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A collection of terms in the educational space, their meanings, and references for further reading.
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Deliberate design is a widely accepted concept which offers a planning framework for teachers to develop purposeful and effective teaching. It follows two key ideas:
- teaching and learning for understanding and learning transfer
- designing curriculum and assessment backwards, from the desired assessment outcomes
For more, see our article on deliberate design.
[Design thinking] draws on collective intelligence to produce results that are greater than the results possible by individuals working alone.
Robert Curedale 2013, http://aad.unisa.edu.au/research/research-areas/matchstudio/
A division or contrast between two things that are or are represented as being opposed or entirely different.
Definition of dichotomy in English, English Oxford Living Dictionaries, en.oxforddictionaries.com
Formative assessment involves getting the best possible evidence about what students have learned and then using this information to decide what to do next.
William, D 2011, Embedded formative assessment, Solution Tree Press, Indiana
For more, see our article on formative vs summative assessment.
A moonshot...is an ambitious, exploratory and ground-breaking project undertaken without any expectation of near-term profitability or benefit and also, perhaps, without a full investigation of potential risks and benefits.
Rouse, M, 'Moonshot' in WhatIs.com, viewed 19 June 2018, https://whatis.techtarget.com/definition/moonshot
- a teacher or educator
- a pedantic or dogmatic teacher
Collins Dictionary 2018, Definition of 'pedagogue', Collins Dictionary, viewed 5 Dec 2018
The art, science or profession of teaching.
Merriam-Webster 2018, Definition of pedagogy, Merriam-Webster, viewed 5 Dec 2018
Self-regulated learning describes the process in which learners systematically and intentionally monitor and control aspects of their thinking, motivation and behaviour in response to internal and external environments to reach a desired learning outcome.
Harding, SM 2018, 'Self-regulated learning - recognising it in the classroom', presented at the 2018 IEA Assessment Conference: Fostering student agency and self-regulated learning, Adelaide, 18 June 2018
For more, see our article on self-regulated learning.
Student agency is active engagement in the process of learning. Agency is based upon the student’s belief in his/her ability to act in their learning through understanding that they have the power, capacity and responsibility to develop skills, take action, and make choices that will move their learning forward.
For more, see our article on student agency.
TEAL is a method of structuring paragraphs in the body of an essay. Each letter represents a different part of the structure: Topic sentence, Evidence, Analysis, Link to the question.
For more, see our article on TEAL.
zone of proximal development (ZPD)
Zone of proximal development (ZPD) is the distance between the actual developmental level as determined by independent problem solving and the level of potential development as determined through problem-solving under adult guidance, or in collaboration with more capable peers.
Vygotsky, L. S 1978, Mind in society: The development of higher psychological processes, Harvard University Press, Cambridge, pp 86
For more, see our article on ZPD.