The SACE Board of South Australia is a statutory authority which exists to fulfill the legislative principles and functions specified in its enacting legislation, the SACE Board of South Australia Act 1983. As a statutory authority it is regarded as independent of the government, but still accountable to the government.

Board members are appointed by the Governor, on the recommendation of the Minister for Education. The Board, through its legislation, is able to establish committees whose function is to advise the Board, and appoint members to those committees.

The Board-approved Governance Framework [PDF] sets out the key legislative functions and responsibilities of the Board and its two standing committees, as well as the Terms of Reference for each committee.